Surgery for diseases of Colon and Rectum


Large intestine is called COLON and last part of large intestine is call RECTUM. there are many disease effecting colon and rectum many of them bear the same presentation and approach in management that is why the branch of surgery dealing with their ailments is commonly called as COLORECTAL SURGERY. 

the common colorectal surgical diseases are :

Cancer of Colon

Cancer of Rectum

Prolapse of Rectum

Sigmoid Volvulus ( twisting of part of large intestine)

Ulcerative Colitis ( selected cases)

Cancer : Common symptoms and Risk factors

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea
  • Anemia
  • Cramps and bloating
  • Altered bowel habbit
  • Bleeding from Rectum
  • Something coming out from rectum
  • Positive family history
  • Age
  • Positive past history
  • Obesity and sedentary life style
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Genetics

Rectal Prolapse

Our rectum is the last part of large intestine. It holds the feces and pumps them out when appropriate. Because of some reasons it starts coming out through the anal opening during the act of passage of stools ( defecation). This makes passage of stools difficult because of that patient tries to exert a lot . This straining further aggravates the degree of prolapse thereby worsening the disease. 

After proper evaluation by a surgeon rectal prolapse almost always require surgery. There are various methods to correct the disease. Few of them are :

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